Medicinal border

Many plants grown in the period would have had more than one use and often one of the uses would have been medicinal. In the medicinal border plants with primarily a medicinal (physick) use are shown. They include angelica, mandrake, henbane, lungwort, foxglove, selfheal and comfrey. The plants were used in a variety of ways: in a dried form, infused in drinks, the seeds eaten, or as poultices placed upon the body. The plants’ names often reflected the part of the body or illness treated.

 Plant list

Botanical Name Common Names
Angelica archangelica Angelica
Anthyllis vulneraria Kidney vetch, Cats claws, Fingers and thumbs
Aphanes arvensis Parsley piert, Breakstone parsley
Apium graveolens Wild celery, smallage
Artemesia pontica Roman wormwood
Asarum europaeum Asarabacca, Hazelwort, European wild ginger, Wild spikenard
Cynoglossum officinale Hounds Tongue
Delphinium consolida Larkspur
Digitalis purpurea Foxglove
Echium vulgare Vipers bugloss
Filipendula ulmaria Meadowsweet
Glycyrrhiza glabra Liquorice
Hyoscyamus niger Henbane. Stinking nightshade. Black henbane
Inula helenium Elecampane, Velvet dock, Cure all, Scabwort
Levisticum officinale Lovage
Linaria purpurea Purple toadflax
Linaria vulgaris Common toadflax
Lythrum salicaria Purple loosestrife
Malva moschata Muskmallow
Mandragora officinarum Mandrake. Devil’s apple. Love apple
Marrubium vulgare Horehound white
Nicotiana tobacum Tobacco
Ononis repens Restharrow
Onopordum acanthium Cotton thistle, Scotch thistle
Phyllitis scolopendrium
syn. Asplenium scolopendrum
Hart’s tongue fern
Plantago media Hoary plantain
Prunella vulgaris Self heal
Salvia verbenaca A wild clary sage
Sempervivum tectorum House Leek
Symphytum officinale Comfrey
Tanacetum parthenium aurea Golden feverfew
Tanacetum vulgare var. crispum Tansy curly
Verbena officinalis Vervain

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