Ilex aquifolium – Holly, Hulver bush, Holy tree, Christ’s thorn
In the past, holly was thought to possess magical properties. It was kept to protect against unfriendly spirits and to ward off ailments in children.
Pliny tells us that holly should be planted near the house to repel poison and protect against lightening and witchcraft.
The use of holly in wreaths is thought to descend from a Roman custom of sending holly boughs and other gifts to friends during the festival of Saturnalia. The custom was then adopted by early Christians.
Holly berries are moderately poisonous to humans but are an important winter food source for numerous species of bird, especially after they have been softened and made more palatable by frost.
According to Culpepper “The bark of the tree, and also the leaves, are excellently good, being used in fomentations for broken bones and such members are out of joint. The berries expel wind and therefore are held to be profitable in the cholic”